Annuity Asset Protection Strategies
Annuities are contracts that provide specific guarantees and some other protections.
Annuities are in essence a contract between you and the issuing carrier. It’s important to understand the asset protections in place when purchasing an annuity. In a perfect world, annuities should be owned for their contractual guarantees, because they primarily solve for 4 things. The acronym I use to determine if you even need an annuity is the word P.I.L.L. P stands for Principal Protection. I stands for Income for Life. L stands for Legacy (i.e. leaving money to your heirs), and the other L stands for Long Term Care. In the Stan The Annuity Man universe, if you do not need to solve for one or more of those four issues, then you don’t need an annuity.
Annuities offer asset and creditor protection in some states.
There is one more item that an annuity can solve for, but only in specific states. That important check box is asset and creditor protection. Most states do not have statutes that offer this protection from predatory lawsuits and creditor actions, so it’s important to check with a tax lawyer in your area whom you trust to find out your state’s actual law concerning this issue. There are 2 states that have very strong asset and creditor protection statutes for life insurance and annuities, and they are Florida and Texas.
There is annuity asset protection available in Florida.
Florida is one of the states that has the strongest protection statutes. That actual statute is 222.14, and it reads as follows:
Exemption of cash surrender value of life insurance policies and annuity contracts from legal process. The cash surrender values of life insurance policies issued upon the lives of citizens or residents of the state and the proceeds of annuity contracts issued to citizens or residents of the state, upon whatever form, shall not in any case be liable to attachment, garnishment or legal process in favor of any creditor of the person whose life is so insured or of any creditor of the person who is the beneficiary of such annuity contract, unless the insurance policy or annuity contract was effected for the benefit of such creditor.
That’s the actual statute, word for word, and is pretty self-explanatory. Many doctors, surgeons, entrepreneurs, and others fully protect all of their assets by paying off their house in full (also protected in Florida), and then placing all of their non-IRA (non-qualified) assets in annuities. Talk about being financially bullet proof!
There is annuity asset protection available in Texas.
Texas has a similar statute that is just as strong as Florida’s. Cash value proceeds of an annuity or insurance policy are deemed exempt from creditors and lawsuits. I live in the great state of Florida, and always joke that if Florida ever changes their asset protection laws, I’m on the next plane to Texas. Hey, the BBQ is better anyway!
IRAs and qualified accounts are protected from creditors and some lawsuits.
Many people are not aware of this, but personal IRAs and qualified accounts like 401ks, 403bs, etc. are fully protected from creditors and frivolous lawsuits as well. Food for thought: if you place all of your non-IRA money in annuities or life insurance products, then your money is fully protected.
Protect your assets long before a problematic lawsuit or creditor takes interest in you.
These laws to protect your money are fantastic, but you can’t implement the plan after you have been sued, or if the lawsuit is getting ready to happen. You have to have this plan in place before any problems are on the horizon, so it’s important to not procrastinate if asset protection is the ultimate goal. Preemptive planning is essential for this strategy to be effective. If a frivolous lawsuit or creditor becomes aggressive, you need to be able to prove that the annuities were in place long before any actions were taken. If you have done that, then these predators have no leg to stand on.
Creditor and asset protection is just one more reason to properly do your homework when considering an annuity. Depending on what state you live in, there might be an extra benefit that you were not aware of, and one that could legally protect your hard earned money.
Originally published on the About.com educational website which is now part of thebalance.com